美国国家纳米技术计划(NNI)是增加依赖纳米技术的美国工作岗位数量和多样性的国家努力。 NNI是奥巴马总统在2009年发起的,此后它帮助在美国各地创造或保留了超过10万个就业机会。 NNI帮助企业找到并保持良好工作的众多方式之一就是它的虚拟显微镜,它允许企业探索他们的产品如何使用纳米科学和工程技术。 如果你正在寻找一种方法来保持纳米技术的最新信息,并了解它如何帮助你的企业,请查看www.nano.gov/vmscope上的虚拟显微镜。
什么是国家纳米技术计划?
国家纳米技术倡议是政府主导的一项努力,旨在支持纳米技术的发展和商业化。 该倡议是布什总统于2002年2月作为其《国家工业复兴战略计划》的一部分提出的。 NNI有三个主要目标:促进纳米技术的知识、理解纳米技术的潜在用途和创造开发能力; 通过纳米技术产品和服务创新刺激经济增长; 建立国际联盟以促进纳米技术研发合作。 NNI管理着支持这些目标的许多项目,包括国家纳米科学研究基础设施发展计划(NNRIDP),该计划为研究基础设施的建设和现代化提供资金;商业化办公室(OC),该办公室帮助公司利用纳米技术开发产品和技术。以及先进技术车辆制造计划(ATVMAP),该计划支持发展制造重量轻、排放低、耐久性和安全性的先进车辆所需的技术。 在2018财政年度,NNI从联邦机构和私营部门合作伙伴那里获得了14亿美元的资金。
国家纳米技术倡议的目标
国家纳米技术倡议(NNI)成立于2002年,旨在提高美国纳米技术部门的竞争力并促进其增长。 国家科学基金由国家科学基金会领导,负责监督其总体战略。

NNI的目标是实现变革性的发现,推进战略研究优先事项,并建立牢固的行业基础。 为了实现这些目标,NNI资助纳米技术所有领域的突破性研究,支持协调的国家资源共享,并与其他联邦机构、大学和行业建立伙伴关系。

自成立以来,国家机构取得了重大进展。 2014财年,NNI下所有项目的资金占14亿美元——比2013年增加了47%。 这笔资金支助了3 000多个影响到各个科学和技术部门的项目。 这些项目侧重于材料科学和工程方面的进步; 能源储存; 生物科学和生物医学; 量子计算; 清洁技术; 神经科学和脑科学; 信息安全; 制造业创新; 汽车工业; 除其他外,这些资金是如何推动创新的。

NNI是促进美国在全球市场竞争力的重要工具。 它在确保我们的国家继续在科学发现、发展和发明方面发挥关键作用——这对我们的经济安全和未来的繁荣至关重要。
国家纳米技术计划如何运作?
国家纳米技术倡议是政府为社会利益发展和推进纳米技术的一项努力。 国家机构是根据总统指示于2003年发起的,目前有26个联邦部门的250多个成员机构。 NNI的目标是创造纳米技术的创新用途,以应对紧迫的国家挑战。

NNI 实现这一目标的一种方法是资助那些有可能改善我们的生活质量或解决重要问题的研究项目。 在2016财政年度,NNI提供了超过10亿美元的赠款,以支持2,500多个研究项目。 这些项目包括开发从纳米材料生产能源的新方法,以及利用纳米工程创造网络安全解决方案。

NNI还运营着分子传感器技术中心(CMS)等多个中心和研究所,CMS负责开发利用分子签名监视和诊断疾病的技术。 这可能包括早期发现病毒或监测癌细胞,而不必完全清除它们。

最后,国家研究所为全国研究人员提供资源和培训机会。
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https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/automobile-filter-market-size-segment-development-top-key-players-power-consumption-function-deployment-avg-selling-price-2022—2028-2022-12-29
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作者 Zeng Zhuojun

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