美联储决定将政策利率上调50个基点,对此反应不一。 一方面,很多专家预测,利率上升不是经济好转的信号,而是对股价和利率产生影响。 另一方面,一些经济学家认为这可以稳定市场。 在如此重大的决定迫在眉睫的情况下,现在是时候弄清楚如果他们决定今年再次加息,你能期待什么。

美联储将如何提高利率?

美联储自2015年12月以来已三次上调利率。 最近一次上调,从0.25%上调至0.50%,发生在3月份。 许多观察家认为美联储今年将再次加息。

这一信念的一个原因是经济增长缓慢,失业率居高不下。 美联储希望保持低通胀,以免物价上涨过快而破坏经济稳定。 为了实现这一目标,美联储希望逐步提高利率,以便经济能够承受额外的压力。

尽管没人知道美联储提高利率后会发生什么,但任何在短期市场借钱的人(比如抵押贷款)的借贷成本都可能会飙升。 这可能会损害经济,因为公司可能无法借钱,或者不得不为债务支付更高的利率。

美联储此举的预期反应如何?

美国联邦储备制度(Fed)今年第三次上调利率,预示着随着经济状况的改善,将持续缓慢的上调。 很多专家预测,美联储将在2018年12月初再次上调利率。

部分经济学家担心,如果利率上调过快,经济可能会停滞不前,导致经济萧条。 另一些人认为,采取缓慢和稳定的做法是避免股市和其他金融市场过度波动的最好办法。

什么是「政策利率」及如何改变?

政策利率是指中央银行向商业银行借款时收取的利率。 美联储通过投票决定一系列货币政策目标来确定政策利率,包括最大限度的可持续就业和价格稳定。 货币政策的目标是实现经济稳定和增长。

美联储为何今年再次加息

美联储今年再次上调利率,连续3次上调利率。 美联储的目标利率目前为0.00%。 美联储解释说,他们正在提高利率,以减缓经济,并控制通货膨胀。 9月份通胀率为2. 9%,高于美联储2%的目标。 美联储今年可能再次加息有几个潜在原因。 第一个原因是工资增长相对缓慢,失业率较低,这可能会导致未来的通胀上升。 第二个原因是通胀预期一直在上升,表明人们相信物价短期内会继续上涨。 第三个原因是,如果美联储想进一步刺激经济,并且通胀仍然居高不下,那么它们的选择是有限的。

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