在过去几年中,管理和处置生物废物的问题日益重要。 印度政府(环境和森林部)公告公布后。 1998年7月27日第460号法令规定,医疗行政人员处理和处理这类废物的义务现在已成为一项立法义务。

所有在职医疗、牙科、护理、辅助医疗及废物处理员,例如清洁工/清洁工,均须接受妥善训练,以处理及管理生物废物。 这一点同样重要。 本文的写作意图就是提供这些基本知识。

在人或动物的诊断、治疗或免疫过程中,或在相关研究活动期间,或在制造或测试生物过程中产生的任何废物,均称为生物医疗废物。

下列清单有10个不同的类别。

人体解剖学废料
动物粪便
微生物及生物科技废物。
废物锐利
受污染废物
细胞毒性药物和过期药物。
固体废物
液体废物
烧毁的灰烬
化学废物

根据患者的健康问题性质、诊疗种类、医院废弃物管理程序等,每天每张病床会产生不同数量的生物废弃物。

在贫困国家,体重从1-2公斤到4.5公斤不等,而在像美国这样的工业化国家,体重是4.5公斤。 在富裕国家,只有10%至15%的垃圾具有传染性,但在印度,这一比例在45.5%至50%之间,需要特别护理。

废物管理技术

最终,医疗废弃物根据处理方法,通过燃烧、蒸煮、微波加热、生物治疗、化学治疗等进行处理。 自1990年代以来,由于政府强迫其他方法进入市场,焚化这一以前最为普遍的技术的使用已经减少。

这样做的方法很少,有:

焚烧——1997年以前,焚烧被用来清除90%以上的传染性医疗废物。 由于环境保护局要求的变化,供应商正在寻找替代的处置方法。 对于病理垃圾,如身体部位和可识别的组织,这仍然是唯一采用的方法。

高压灭菌-通过蒸汽处理使生物有害废物不具有传染性。 这些垃圾可以在较少的限制下焚烧,或者在灭菌后通常被弃置在固体废物填埋场。

微波——使用强大的设备对危险的医疗废物进行微波处理是使其无毒的另一项技术。 这项技术,就像高压蒸煮一样,允许以后标准的垃圾填埋处理或燃烧。

化学-加入活性化学品使废物变得惰性,可中和某些种类的化学废物。 这通常只用于与化学有关的垃圾。

生物——酶在这个实验过程中被用来处理生物医疗废物,以摧毁危险的传染性有机体。 它仍在开发中,很少在实际生活中使用。

医疗专业人员遵循一些基本的最佳做法,可以防止大多数医疗废物问题。 员工应该知道这些规定,然后将每一种垃圾分类归类到相应的、颜色编码的垃圾桶中。

所有货柜均须妥为记录,并按废物类别加上标签。 这些最佳做法可由设施在信誉良好的医疗废物处理企业的协助下实施。

我们的其他报告:

Outdoor Sweeping Machine Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Truck Mounted Sweeper Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Garbage Collection Truck Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Garbage Compactor Truck Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Radial Piston Hydraulic Motors Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Optical Emission Spectroscopy Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Isostatic Pressing Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Bird Detection System Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automobile EVP (Electric Vacuum Pump) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Super Absorbent Polymer (SAP) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Carbon Fiber Textile Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Fertility Supplement Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Acute Hospital Care Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Rib Fracture Repair System Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Chocolate Liqueur Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Push-Pull Props Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Digital Diagnostics Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Online Novels Reading Platform Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Nicotine Pouches Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
LiFSI for Lithium Battery Electrolyte Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automotive NAD (Network Access Device) and Wireless Communication Module Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Intelligent Patch Panel Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Dump Garbage Truck Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Arm Type Garbage Truck Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Sealed Garbage Truck Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Auto Black Box Camera Module Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Receiver-in-the Ear (RITE) Hearing Aid Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
In-the-ear (ITE) Hearing Aids Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automatic Soldering Machine Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Commercial Kitchen Ventilation Systems Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Industrial Fork Lift Trucks Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
FPC EMI Shielding Film Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Collagen Peptides Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automotive Steering Sensors Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Lenses Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Microfluidic Flow Sensors Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Mass Spectrometry Grade Trypsin Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Metabolic Disease Drugs Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Conductivity Sensors Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Vaccinium Myrtillus Fruit Extract Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Legal Protection Insurance Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Labelling Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Electronic Expansion Valves (EEVs) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Nanocellulose Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Optical Ground Wire (OPGW) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Menstrual Cups Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Convenient Camping Cooler Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Wound Cleanser Solutions Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Refurbished Cardiovascular & Cardiology Equipment Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Minimally Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Devices Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Gas Turbine Heavy Duty Services Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Stone Processing Machines Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Low Fat Yogurt Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Agricultural Bactericides Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Manganese Alloys Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Photointerrupters Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Flower Seeds Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Portable Storage Services Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Moving and Storage Container Rental Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Surgical Scrub Brushes Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Adobe Channel Partner Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Cisco Cloud Reseller Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Eosinophilic Esophagitis Drug Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Perforated Stretch Film Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Denim Fabric Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Waste Paper Recycling Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Motorcycle Helmets Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
PET Bottle Recycling Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Gas Turbine Aero-Derivative Services Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automotive Mineral Fluid Lubricants Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automotive Engine Mineral Fluid Lubricants Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Automotive Gear Mineral Fluid Lubricants Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Open-Circuit SCBA Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Closed-Circuit SCBA Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Laser Level Meter Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Bluetooth Headphone Battery Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Temperature Transmitter and Humidity Transmitter Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Human Prothrombin Complex Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
360 Degree Camera Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
LNG Carrier Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Smart Sump Pump Monitor Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Microgrids in Agriculture Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Bullet Resistant Drywall and Panel Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Personal Care and Cosmetic Starches Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Nitrate Analyzer Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Telecom Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Gold Loan Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Cloud Mining Service Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
GPS Bike Computers Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Identity and Access Management-as-a-service (IDaaS) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Stem Cell Therapy for Diabetes and Related Conditions Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Water Massage Tables Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Tissue-Processing Systems Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028
Surgical Imaging Devices Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022 – 2028

By Xiu 秀

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。 必填欄位標示為 *