科技在不断演变和改变人们做事的方式——虽然有些人认为这是幸事,但另一些人担心工作正在消失。 在本文中,作者引用了《华盛顿邮报》的一篇文章来强调如何使用技术来缓解这些问题,并让您更好地控制您自己未来的工作。

工作的未来

工作的未来正由技术和我们的生活方式决定。 在本文中,我们将探讨大规模的技术性裁员是反乌托邦式的就业市场假象。

首先,让我们来看看决定工作未来的因素。 科技正在改变我们的生活和工作方式。 例如,机器人变得越来越复杂,可以做许多人类曾经做过的工作。 这令一些人担心将来会有大量失业。 然而,事实并非如此。

有两个主要原因,为什么未来不会有很多失业。 首先,随着机器人变得越来越复杂,他们能够做比以往任何时候都多的工作。 这意味着公司不需要那么多的人力来完成农场或工厂的所有工作。 其次,人们越来越多地从事不需要那么多人力的新型工作。 例如,公司开始使用机器学习来制造自己的产品,而不是雇佣人类专家来设计它们。 这意味着计算机科学和其他相关领域的技术人员将永远有新的机会。

政府正在做什么?

失业率徘徊在4%左右,最近就业市场成为热门话题。 但是,大规模的技术性裁员并不是就业市场的现实。 事实上,它们是反乌托邦小说。

为了理解这一点,我们需要看看裁员期间实际会发生什么。 一般来说,当一家公司裁员时,它会尽量减少员工受影响。 这意味着通常只取消某些部门或司。 其余的雇员则会被调往其他部门或部门,在那里工作量可能较少,但责任和福利可能较少。

这种裁员不仅对失去工作的雇员不公平,而且对公司的整体经营能力也是危险的和有害的。 重要的是要记住,当公司通过取消整个部门或部门来裁减其劳动力时,它们实际上是在切断组织不同部门之间的沟通与合作。

什么是科技进步?

在过去几年里,技术取得了许多进步,从而在行业中创造了更多的就业机会。 这对求职者来说是个好消息,但是这些进步也带来一些挑战。 例如,自动化和人工智能正在创造许多不需要那么多人力资源的新工作。

另一个挑战是技术公司总是寻找新的方法来自动化他们的工作流程和降低成本。 这意味着有些工作将来可能被技术所取代,即使这些技术尚未普及。 同时,对于求职者来说,保持最新的趋势是很重要的,这样他们就能找到适合自己技能和职业道路的就业。

裁员是正确的想法吗?

就业市场状况糟糕、公司裁员等说法司空见惯。 但事实是否如此呢?

自大萧条以来,许多经济学家都警告说,由于失去了许多中产阶级的工作岗位,可能会出现永久的”就业危机”。 但自2007年以来,从事中产阶级工作的人数实际上有所增加,尽管底层和上层的工作岗位有所减少。 因此,虽然有些人可能正在失去工作,但另一些人正在获得工作。

这种趋势并不仅仅发生在美国。 世界各国的中产阶级就业也在增长。 事实上,根据麦肯锡全球研究所的一份报告,如果目前的趋势继续下去,到2025年,我们将看到三分之二以上的职业成为”知识型”。 这意味着大多数工人不需要识字和数学等基本技能,而需要科学、技术、工程和管理等领域的专业技能。

一些人说,这种从传统蓝领岗位的转变对社会不利,因为它导致那些没有专业技能的人失业率上升。 但这一论点忽视了一个重要事实:今天,几乎一半的新工作都是通过新企业创造的,而不是通过公司从现有劳动力中招聘员工。

四. 结论

科技大裁员在我们的社会是如此普遍和普遍,以至于我们逐渐相信他们定义了就业市场。 但这真的是这样吗?

随着技术继续侵蚀传统的工作岗位,公司开始用经济学家所谓的”替代性工作安排”来代替传统工作。 这些替代性工作安排包括兼职工作、合同工作和自由职业。 换句话说,现在越来越多的人从事短期合同或自由职业,而不是拥有一份稳定的工作,并享受工作期间的福利。 这对工人有着许多影响:这意味着安全和稳定性下降;当你的职业生涯发生变化时,再培训更难;雇主也没有什么动力提供医疗保险或退休计划。

因此,尽管大规模的技术性裁员可能预示着经济前景的不确定性,但他们并不一定是可能发生的最糟糕的事情。 毕竟,如果你正在寻找一份稳定的工作,而且薪水和福利都很好,你可能会开始考虑换一份工作。

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