文章讨论了不同版本的这种流行的玩具的化学成分,特别是目前最容易获得和非常类似于60年代的原始玩具。 作者讨论了这些成分上的差异是如何导致味觉、颜色和温度的变化的。

什么是傻腻子?

“傻腻子”是一种黏糊糊的、有弹性的物质,曾被用作教育玩具。 它是1900年代初由聚氯乙烯(PVC)和滑石混合而成的。 PVC是1878年首次发明的合成塑料,而滑石是由镁和铝制成的矿物。

最初的配方中含有约36%的PVC、36%的滑石和其他6%的成分。 这种腻子最初作为模型粘土卖给孩子们。 20世纪30年代,它开始被用作帮助学生学习化学的教育工具。

在上世纪五六十年代,傻腻子因其延展性和耐热性而受到艺术家和爱好者的欢迎。 今天,傻腻子仍然被用作教育玩具和艺术家媒介。

化学制品如何帮助制造”傻腻子”

制造这种傻腻子的化学物质是两种不同类型的油的混合物. 愚蠢的腻子是通过加入适量的油浸布制成柔软、柔韧的材料而制成的。 第二个成分是矿物油,它赋予腻子独特的绿色,并帮助它粘在其他表面。

1795年,矿物油首次被用作粘合剂。 英国陆军上校詹姆斯·杨(James Young)发现,它作为车轮和其他木制物品的密封剂效果很好。 他称这种新型粘合剂为”果冻油”,取自分离后通常产生的果冻状物质。

1914年阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和乔治·德·梅斯特拉尔在研究一种比当时更强的胶水时,发明了这种”傻腻子”的现代配方。 他们在干布上添加了矿物油,制造了我们现在所知道的 傻 腻子.

是什么让那个傻腻子走到一起?

愚蠢的腻子历史是个谜,但是科学家们已经发现了使它们相互配合的化学成分。

愚蠢的腻子由三种主要成分组成:增塑剂、一种叫做氯乙烯的有机化合物和一种叫做滑石的矿物。 科学家发现这些化学物质共同作用形成腻子的最终形状。

增塑剂帮助氯乙烯自由流动,而滑石增加稳定性和使腻子更硬。 这些成分一起创造一种光滑、柔韧的材料,可以塑造成任何形状。

它总是用化学反应制造吗?

化学品可以揭示任何历史,从古代文明到今天流行的产品。 这周,我们将看看我们最喜爱的儿童产品之一:愚蠢的腻子。

傻腻子是一种粘稠的、有弹性的物质,已经存在了100多年。 1909年,两位化学家叫约翰·C。 Hays 和 Arthur L. Latham 通过将甲基纤维素与硫酸和水混合来制造它。 然后将混合物加热,直到它变得粘稠。

如今,愚蠢的腻子大多是用化学反应制成的。 1981年,一位名叫彼得·阿舍的发明家发明了一种用聚醋酸乙烯酯和丁二烯油制造这种物质的新方法。 然后将混合物加热,直到它变成塑料状。

傻腻子历史

傻腻子是由比利时科学家利奥·贝克兰在20世纪20年代创作的。 原本是模仿象牙制作的,但很快就被用作橡胶玩具。 在20世纪30年代,傻腻子出现在通用电气的一系列广告中。 广告显示孩子们用傻腻子做漫画和设计。

上世纪40年代,美国军方使用”傻腻子”绘制了敌方领土的地图和模型。 到了1960年代,它已经成为世界上最受欢迎的玩具之一。 今天,傻腻子仍然很受儿童和成年人的欢迎。

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