在被称为二羧酸的有机化合物中存在两个羧基官能团。 HO2C-R-CO2H是写这些化合物的另一种方法。 一种IUPAC名称为己二酸的二羧酸一种分子式为(CH2)4(COOH)2的有机物是己二酸。 从工业角度来看,它是最重要的二羧酸。 每年生产的25亿公斤己二酸中的大部分被用作与六亚甲基二胺的缩聚反应的单体,生成6,6-尼龙,然后用于制造尼龙。

己二酸还用于制造粘合剂、增塑剂、凝胶剂、液压油、润滑剂、乳化剂、聚氨酯泡沫、皮革鞣制、聚氨酯、食品中的酸化剂等。 己二酸与许多基团进行酯化反应后使用,包括二丙烯酰、二乙基己基、二异丁基和二十二烷基。

否则,己二酸在自然界中并不常见。 和向分子中添加氢通常被称为还原一样,添加氧通常被称为氧化。 加成反应的一个例子是烯烃的氧化。 氧化剂的氧原子有助于碳原子之间的双键。 这样,环就会裂开,产生二羧酸。 本实验的目标是通过高锰酸盐氧化环己烯来生成己二酸,同时熟悉实验室监测高锰酸盐氧化过程。

烯环己烯中的碳-碳双键是一个相对较高的电子密度位点,容易发生氧化。 烯烃的氧化裂解是众所周知的反应。 许多化学物质与烯烃发生反应,完全破裂了碳原子的两个键。 在较温和的氧化过程中,只有烯烃的π键被破坏,从而产生环氧化物和1,2-二醇。 具体产品取决于烯烃的取代模式和使用氧化剂的类型。 更剧烈的氧化会导致碳-碳双键的完全裂解,从而形成各种羰基化合物。 在基本情况下,环己烯与高锰酸钾反应时会发生氧化。 高锰酸盐氧化环己烯,引发开环反应,最终生成己二酸。

氧化剂高锰酸钾与环己烯在双键上的相互作用构成反应的第一阶段。 当MnO4离子在双键中与碳结合时,形成两个不同的碳氧键。 由此产生的分子随后与水发生一系列复杂的反应,生成一个二醇分子(1,2-环己烷二醇)和棕色的沉淀氧化锰(MnO2)。

溶液中的高锰酸盐离子继续氧化前一步产生的二羰基化合物,从而形成一种概念上类似于二羧酸但缺乏氢的物质。 产生的分子负电荷氧从溶液中吸引高锰酸钾(KMnO4)游离钾离子。 浓缩的盐酸(HCl)然后加入到二羧酸盐产品中,并在水浴中冷却,使其转化为己二酸。 下一步是酸化,酸化引起质子化并释放溶液与钾离子的键。

通过对滤纸进行斑点试验,可以观察到多余的高锰酸根离子的去除。 由于褐斑周围存在蛹色环,高锰酸根离子仍然过剩。 该混合物逐渐加入甲醇,直到紫色色环消失。 强氧化剂如二次醇、1,2-二醇、醛、烯烃、肟、硫化物和硫醇都可以与高锰酸钾(KMnO4)反应。 当控制条件时,KMnO4 会非常有效地将初级醇转化为羧酸。 甲醇是原醇,经过部分氧化生成醛后,经过完全氧化生成羧酸副产品甲酸。

完成品的39.77%被集团收购。 实验组得到的产率低于该百分率。 然而,获得这种产量需要一定程度的人为误差。 如果该组在沸腾过程中没有打破盛有混合物的烧杯,产量可能会更高。 造成产品损失的另一个原因可能是第一反应物的加入和实验的开始。 混合物的适当混合会影响产品的收率。 尽管存在一些障碍,实验还是成功的,因为研究小组能够收集到纯白色的己二酸晶体。

因此,这个实验成功地使研究人员熟悉了生产己二酸的步骤。 此外,报告还提供了一种称为氧化反应的基本有机化学反应的信息,即加氧或氢的去除。 在实验中,环己烯被氧化生成己二酸。 由于有些途径涉及几个尚未完全了解的步骤,因此该机制尚未得到充分说明。 学生可能没有完全理解,但至少他们对反应机理有更好的了解。

我们的其他报告:
The Plum Tube market is thoroughly evaluated in the research. It achieves this through in-depth qualitative insights, historical information, and reliable market size predictions.
The Leukemia Treatment Drugs market research report helps to evaluates financial strength, strategic positioning, threats and opportunities of the Leukemia Treatment Drugs market
Handwriting Input Market Size: Global Market Sales Volume and CAGR (%), Market Segment by Application, Comparison by Region 2022 _ 2028
The Podcast Hosting Software market research study covers information on the industry’s most profitable sectors, as well as an in-depth examination of global, regional, and national sales and growth.
HTML Editor Market Research Report by Vertical, Application, Country – North America Forecast to2028 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19
This Photo Editing App market research report provides market size and year-over-year growth in addition to a detailed and thorough analysis of the Photo Editing App market.
This G Suite Administration Software market size research study investigates the industry’s worldwide and regional expansion in a thorough and methodical approach.
G Suite for Finance Software Market Size: Share & Trends Analysis Report By Raw Material, By Product, By Application, By Region, And Segment Forecasts 2022 – 2028.
This Kitchen Sink Cabinet market report unlocks important players, stakeholders, and other participants who will be able to remain up to date on current and upcoming business developments.
Knife Sharpener Market Research Report 2022 – 2028: Covers many Knife Sharpener market sectors and is known for its rich insights and perspectives.
Touch Screen Technology Market Share, Growth Trends 2022 | CAGR Value, Regional Developments, Global Opportunity, Industry Drivers, and Competitive Landscape Forecast to 2028
This Virtual Security Market research report on top key players, growth factor, organization size, market share player forecast from 2022 – 2028.
The Internet of Things Fleet Management Market Size 2022 -2028: By Development, Avg. Selling Price, Growth, Distribution, Top Key Players, Organization, Share, Trends, Power consumption.
G Suite for HR Software report provides a forward looking perspective on different factors driving or restraining market growth.
Wetrooms Market Size: Global Market Sales Volume and CAGR (%), Comparison by Region and Market Forecast till 2028.
Hormone Replacement Drugs Market Size 2022 – 2028 sale, revenue, trends, current development, Demand supply situation.
New Market Report on Lapis Lazuli Pigment Comes With A Thorough Analysis Of Industry Trends, Share, Size.
This market research study on Laser Beauty Machines includes identifying competitors, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, and doing a CAGR Rate analysis.
Sodium Polyphosphate Market Size: Industry analysis, sale, avg. selling price, research report mines, production cost benchmark, competitive strategies 2022-2028.
The research report on 3D Rendering provides a thorough understanding of market penetration by various types, applications, and sales channels, along with related potential outcomes in the future. Based on those growth rates and the corresponding drivers and constraints, the customer can now select the category with the greatest expansion potential.
Web Service Cloud Market Research Report by Vertical, Application, Region – Global Forecast to 2028- Cumulative Impact of COVID-19
Assistive Reproductive Technology Market Size 2022 – 2028 Impact of covid -19, selling price, sale, production cost, benchmarks, competitive strategies, application.
The 3D Integration market is described in full in this research. It tries to determine the market’s size and potential for future expansion across many segments, including product, technology, applications, end-user, and geographic location. Along with their company profiles, latest developments, and important market strategies, the report also provides an in-depth competitive analysis of the major market participants.
The Marine Electric Propulsion Systems market reports contain valuable and digestible information like customer survey responses, and social, economic, and geographical insights forecast till 2028.
Simulation Training Systems Market Size 2022 – 2028 product, distribution, global forecast, revenue, selling price, production cost, sale revenue.
Industrial CAD Market Research Report: The Future Is Now!
Fiberglass Recycling Market Size 2022 -2028 Market Challenges Analysis, Sales Volume, Share and Forecast Research.
The Packaging Materials for Foods report offers a clear understanding of market penetration by various types, applications, and sales channels with associated future possibilities. This gives the client the ability to choose the category with the greatest development potential based on those growth rates and the accompanying drivers and limitations.
Methyl Ester Ethoxylates market size: Technology functions, growth, share, trends, production cost, the impact of covid 19, sales, generate revenue 2022 – 2028.
Latex Party Balloon market research report is the cornerstone of business development and indepth analysis of market size and revenue of this market for a period of 2022 to 2028.
Based on those growth rates and the related drivers and limits, this Cyclohexylthiophthalimide market report allows the customer to select the category with the largest development potential.
Cyber Security in BFSI Market Size Dynamics, Generate Revenue, Research on Report Mines, the Impact of Covid -19, Foreign Opportunity, Installation, Application 2022 – 2028.
The research on the Online Recruitment Software market will assist clients in understanding the analysis of this market based on several industry verticals.
The Cloud Data Lake market research report aids Qualitative Research, CAGR Analysis, Global Growth Opportunities of this market.
Nocturnal Polyuria Treatment Market Research Report By Leading Industry Players.
This Transportation Analysis study report will help you create a business environment.
The Connected Energy market research report includes information about emerging industry trends, general financial statistics
The study on the Contextual Chatbots market would help readers understand the analysis of this market based on different industry verticals.
Cognitive Analysis Market Size: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity, and Forecast 2022 – 2028.
The Smart Warehouse Technologies report learns about this sector’s important driving forces.
Solar Panel Mounting Structures Market Size forecast till 2028: Growth Factor, Global Revenue, Competitive Strategies, and Production Cost.
Our Market Report on Cloud Service Assurance includes a complete analysis of the market’s Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, and Opportunity.
The Analytics Sandbox Market report offers actionable insights that can be used to make strategic business decisions that benefit this industry and its participants.
Stem Cell Services Market by Component, Application, Technology, Vertical & Regions – Forecast to 2022 – 2028.
This report on the Artificial Neural Networks market covers the primary drivers for the overall market from 2022 – 2028.
Smart Stores Market Size 2022 – 2028: Average Selling Price and Sales Revenue.
The Smart Payment Systems market research study discusses segmented based on end-use, components, industry verticals, and geography.
This Experiential Travels research report provides an overview of the competitive environment in the industry as well as profiles of its major players.
Digital Education Systems Market Size |FROM _YEAR| – 2028 segment application, revenue, selling price, production cost, competitive strategies, sale volume.
Publishing Consulting Services Market Size 2022 – 2028 Regional development, deployment, growth factor, production cost.
Web Design Services Market 2022 Qualitative Research, CAGR Analysis, Global Growth Opportunities, Developing Strategies, Challenges, Dynamics, Top Key Players and Size Forecast to 2028
Responsive Web Design Services Market Size: Production Cost, Top Key Players, Growth Factors, Market players, and forecast till 2022 – 2028.
This Website Maintenance Services report examines the Covid-19 industry’s impact, marketing channels, economic revitalization, deployment, application, and region.
Online Reputation Management Services Market Research Report by Vertical, Application, Region – Global Forecast to 2028 and Cumulative Impact of COVID-19.
The Peer Review Services market research report will provide insight into the market’s financial status, market size, and market revenue.
Gold Earring Market Size 2022 – 2028 Sale revenue, segment , deployment, forecast growth research , Opportunity, research report mines, key players, share, growth factor.
The Hair Growth Vitamins market research report aids deeper analysis on financial ratios, including liquidity, coverage, leverage and operating ratios
The Hair Salon Equipment Market Size: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity, and Forecast 2022 – 2028.
Liquid Concealer Market Size 2022 – 2028 Development, avg. selling price, growth, Distribution, top key players, organization, share, trends, and power consumption.
Liquid Foundation Market Research Report: A tool for gathering information on geographic 2022 – 2028.
This Luxury Sandals research report examines the industry’s global and regional growth in a comprehensive and systematic manner.
Luxury Ski Clothing market size 2022 – 2028 Market Challenges Analysis, Sales Volume, Share and Forecast Research.
The BAPP market research report serves as a one-stop shop for market analysis and statistics on all market components, including but not limited to regional markets, technology, kinds, and applications.
This Alumina Fiber Blanket market research report provides recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market
The Disulfiram Market Size: Trends, Production cost, the impact of covid 19, Top key players, Segment forecast from |FROM _YEAR| – |TO _YEAR|.
Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine Market Size: Demand Supply Situation, Revenue, Sales, Regions and CAGR(%) 2022 to 2028.
The major aim of this Ear Temperature market research study is to quantify market size and trends, which will be backed and explained by qualitative data.
The findings from Antimony Trisulfide study provide market participants with a detailed breakdown of the lucrative prospects available to them.
The Diantimony Pentoxide Market Size: Growth Factor, Global Revenue, Competitive Strategies, and Production cost.
This Membership Management Software report provides enough depth, context, or niche-specific insights for Membership Management Software company to get the right answers and make the investment.
This Landscaping Software Research reports provide complete research solutions intended to give the most industry clarity for strategic decision making. They mix in-depth industry analysis with precise estimations and predictions.
The Magic Quadrant for Meeting Solutions market report offers a market analysis of the industry’s key growth drivers, most recent market trends, and regulatory environment
The Cloud Systems Management Software market research report is the cornerstone of business development and in-depth analysis of the market size and revenue of this market for a period of 2022 to 2028.
EFSS Solutions Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Technology, By Application, Regional Outlook, Competitive Strategies, And Segment Forecasts, 2022 – 2028
The Project Planning Software market research report provides information on major lucrative areas in the industry and also contains an in-depth analysis of global, regional and national sales and growth.
The Workflow Software market research report provides crucial data on the key companies’ financial summaries, shareholding patterns, and revenue mix.
The Pasteurized Milk market reports provide significant and easily digested information such as consumer survey results, social, economic, and geographical insights.
This Rolling Tool Box Research study provides a comprehensive segmentation of this market |FROM_ YEAR| – |TO _YEAR|.
Monobloc Aerosol Cans Market Size 2022 – 2028 market type, quantitative analysis, segment, development, top key players, power consumption, function.
The Peptide Skincare research is an amalgamation of first hand data, qualitative and quantitative analysis by industry analysts, contributions from industry experts, and opinions from industry participants along the value chain.
Pet Clones market research report discusses users with pertinent market insights and information on current trends and their effects on the industry.
Coriolis Mass Flowmeters Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application, Regional Outlook, Competitive Strategies, And Segment Forecasts from 2022 – 2028 period.
Metal Spinning Products market size: Technology functions, growth, share, trends, production cost, the impact of covid 19, sales, generate revenue 2022 – 2028.
The Industrial 5G market research report will provide with all relevant information.
This Anthracite Filter Media market research report provides major factors driving the market performance and how these factors are position to influence the future growth of the Industry
This Single Crystal Blades market research report provides a wide range of demographics for market understanding.
This report on the Nanofabrication market covers the primary drivers for the overall market from 2022 – 2028.
4D Printing in Healthcare Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application, Regional Outlook, Competitive Strategies, And Segment Forecasts period from 2022 – 2028.
This Outbound Marketing Services research evaluates the size of the Outbound Marketing Services market, its growth patterns, and the corresponding market share analysis by technology type, application, end-user industry, and geographic region.
The research report on Makeup Setting Spray market gives information on the business and its activities to help find potential clients and suppliers. The profile examines the business model, operations, main goods and services, prospects, locations and subsidiaries, important executives and their biographies, as well as the company’s main rivals.
The Manual Cleaning Products market research report: Demographics you need to target.
The Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyst market research study assists in accurately 2022 – 2028.
This Fall Protection Products research study provides a market-based outlook based on trends, such as the COVID-19 regulations and changes to the digital landscape, as well as global industry size, share, trends, opportunity, and forecast.
Raised Garden Beds Market Size 2022 – 2028 market type, quantitative analysis, segment, development, top key players, power consumption, function, deployment.
The Sounding Rocket Market research study gives you details on the market segmentation, assumptions, influence of COVID-19, company profiles, applications, market participants, and market type of this industry.
This Battery Cooling Plates market research report satisfies a company’s or person’s specific requirements for information on the market size, revenue forecast, growth rate, regional scope, key companies, and Covid-19 Impact Analysis of this industry.
Global Mobile Manipulators Market Size and Outlook 2022 by End users Market Analysis, Production Cost Structure Benchmarks and Forecast till 2028 Research Report
The VR Marketplace Software Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2022 to 2028.
This ACGN market research report is a systematic collection of data regarding ACGN market-related issues.
This Commercial Solar Storage report analyses the Commercial Solar Storage market, including a thorough examination of market sizing and growth. The analysis includes market size in terms of value, segment market share, and segment analysis with forecasted values.

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。 必填欄位標示為 *