美国未来的经济成功和工资增长取决于三十多个制造业,但我们必须现在就采取行动来维持它们的生存能力。

根据美国预订协会大都会政策项目的最新分析,”任何未来振兴美国经济的必要组成部分”是50个高科技创新产业,其中35个是制造业。 这些部门被描述为”深入参与”STEM和技术研发(科学、技术、工程和数学)。

在周四的一次布鲁金斯学会上,该项目的副总裁兼创始董事布鲁斯·卡茨说:”这些行业的冲击力远远超过他们的重量。” 美国经济是由这些部门推动的,
卡茨和其他发言者说,这些产业要想长期取得成功,就需要政府、大企业、小企业、大学、社区学院和其他组织的支持,才能在全球竞争。 这些支助包括为急需的STEM工人提供强有力的技能管道。

我们需要马上开始工作。 我们在这方面的贸易逆差,显示美国在尖端工业的竞争力方面,正落后于其他国家。 报告指出:

尽管美国先进工业每年出口价值1.1万亿美元的产品和服务,约占出口总额的60%,但2012年该行业仍出现了6320亿美元的贸易赤字。

先进产业为何重要
支持尖端产业有明显的好处。 在这项研究中列出的50家公司雇用了1230万美国人,占所有工人的近9%,每年创造2.7万亿美元增值,占美国国内生产总值的17%。 工资也有相当大的溢价。 根据这项研究,自1975年以来,尖端工业增长速度大约是经济其他部门的五倍。

这与经济政策研究所的研究是一致的,该研究所发现,制造业全职雇员的年薪通常比其他经济部门高出3700美元。

员工培训:一个成功的公式

据许多发言者说,当制造商决定建造新的设施时,他们希望选择最有利的地点。 寻找必要的人才似乎也是许多人的动力因素。

卡车公司PACCAR首席执行官罗恩?阿姆斯特朗(Ron Armstrong)表示,2007年在密西西比州哥伦布(Columbs)选择一家发动机设施,其原因有很多,包括与供应商的简单接触。 但是与现场高技能人员的亲密关系使它无法抗拒。

密西西比州立大学(Mississippi State University)提供了一所著名的工程学校,离该设施很近在咫尺。 然而,该地区也有一个强大的社区大学系统,使企业能够培训和招聘有技术意识的工作人员。

据首席执行官埃里克·斯皮格尔(Eric Spiegel)说,西门子公司在北卡罗来纳州夏洛特(Charlotte)业务的一个重要方面是寻找新的人才。 德国有一个强大的学徒制度,激励员工,公司是保持重要存在的地方。 因此,据《明镜周刊》报道,在德国西门子有10,000名学徒。

该公司正试图在夏洛特等美国地区实施学徒制模式,在那里与一所社区学院合作,培训和雇用新员工。

“你得到一个真正的天才,你得到一个证书…… 据《明镜周刊》报道,这些学徒有合法的工作,没有债务。 演讲者说,这也是创造新的中产阶级的好方法。
据首席执行官约翰·隆德格伦(John Lundgren)透露,斯坦利·布莱克(Stanley Black & Decker)决定将一家电钻制造企业从中国迁往北卡罗来纳州和南卡罗来纳州边境的新地点,这也受到有经验的劳动力供应的影响。 当时的选择主要是财务方面的,因为除了劳动力之外,还有一个可靠的当地零部件供应链。 将其转移到美国也缩短了发货时间,从而可以更快地向市场交付产品。
隆德格伦声称斯坦利·布莱克和德克没有预料到大众对于创造美国制造产品的”巨大反应”。 他接着说,这次活动相当成功。

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